Vascular diseases, causes and treatment

04 Apr, 2022

The most common diseases diagnosed and treated at the Department of Vascular Surgery at Dallah Hospitals are:

Varicosities

Varicosities is one of the most common vascular diseases, with the primary symptom being the appearance of bluish-purple or red-colored veins web on the skin, often swollen. Genetic factors are the most prominent underlying cause of varicosities (90%) and it is most common in women (60%). Several other factors affect symptoms, including:
  • Age
  • Overweight
  • Standing for extended periods
  • Pregnancy


Treatment:

Varicosities is treated by direct intravenous injection (Sclerotherapy), endovenous laser treatment, surgery or Cyanoacrylate glue to close the veins. Varicosities surgery is performed as a day-case surgery where patients are discharged hours after the operation.

Atherosclerosis:

Atherosclerosis occurs when fat and cholesterol build up inside the lining of the artery wall. Over time, it narrows the artery and blocks blood flow through it. The main causes of atherosclerosis include:
  • Hereditary reasons
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Smoking
  • Fatty food
Other risk factors include age, lack of physical activity and obesity, diabetes, stress, and high blood cholesterol levels. Notably, 90% of people diagnosed with atherosclerosis experience no symptoms until the artery is significantly narrowed and clogs blood flow altogether.

Aorta

1 - Aortic Aneurysms:
Pressure applied by blood flow causes weakened areas of the artery wall to bulge out beyond the standard width of the blood vessel.
The most important factors contributing to aortic enlargement are hereditary reasons, smoking, hypertension, and high cholesterol levels. Aneurysms requires surgical intervention or more modern non-invasive alternatives such as catheters and stents.

2 - Aortic dissection:
Aortic dissection is a serious condition in which a tear occurs in the aorta’s inner layer. Although not very common, it is usually found in men in their 60s and 70s. The leading causes are accidents, genetic factors, and hypertension. It requires surgical intervention or advanced non-invasive alternatives such as catheters and stents.