How to manage diabetes

11 Apr, 2022

Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that controls the blood sugar level. Hyperglycaemia, or high blood sugar, is a common consequence of imbalances in glucose levels. However, it is not difficult to control but needs regular check-ups and a healthy lifestyle.

Periodic diabetes check-ups

One of the most important periodic tests to be carried out is a Haemoglobin A1c test every three months for patients with imbalanced blood sugar levels, in addition to cholesterol, liver, kidney, and complete blood count (CBC) as advised by doctors.

Annual reviews include vitamin B12 test and proteinuria (urine protein). We also recommend an annual ophthalmologist appointment for patients with Type 2 diabetes, while Type 1 diabetes patients are advised to schedule appointments every five years.

Treatment

Each case is different in terms of treatment options, so patients with diabetes must discuss their condition with the attending doctor. It must be emphasized that the treatment of diabetes takes a long time. Bear in mind that a rapid reduction of sugar levels may result in problems such as low levels of blood sugar and severe damage to the retina.

Choosing the proper medication, patience, and patient cooperation with the medical team are the best approaches to controlling diabetes and returning to normal life.